Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis are not your everyday terms used by people who suffer from back pain. Spondylolysis is a crack or stress fracture in one of the vertebrae, the small bones that make up the spinal column. It can lead to a chronic back pain.
The injury most often occurs in children and adolescents who participate in sports activity that place a lot of stress on the lower back or cause a constant over-stretching Spondylolysis is a very common cause of low back pain.
The word spondylolysis comes from the Greek words spondylos, which means spine or vertebra, and lysis, which means a break or loosening.
Treatment for spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis is not much different than for other causes of mechanical and/or compressive back pain. In most cases, surgery will not be necessary. Strengthening the back muscles can reduce the mechanical symptoms resulting from the segmental instability.
Although spondylolysis might not be preventable, there are steps you can take to reduce the risk of fractures. Seek medical attention if you suffer a back injury or have significant low-back pain. Early treatment of spondylolysis often results in the best outcomes. Keeping your back and abdominal muscles strong can help support the lower back and prevent future stress fractures.
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